- How do I apply for benefits?
- I'm seriously injured or sick. Do I qualify for Social Security Disability?
- What can I do if my application for disability is denied?
- How do I apply for Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?
To apply for benefits, contact the Social Security Administration (SSA) at 1-800-772-1213. They have a TTY phone connection at 1-800-325-0778. You can ask SSA to send you the correct forms, and they can answer questions you may have.In order to be eligible for retirement benefits, you have to have enough "credits" (10 years of work) and have paid into Social Security. Beginning in 2003, the age at which you can apply for retirement benefits began increasing gradually from 65 to 67 (it will reach 67 starting with individuals born in 1960), but you can apply early at age 62. If you apply early, the benefits you receive will be reduced. The amount you receive depends on how much you earned when you were working. You can also delay applying for Social Security retirement. If you do so, your extra income may increase your benefit amount, and you will receive a credit. To find out more about credit you may receive, contact the Social Security Administration at 1-800-772-1213.
In order to qualify for disability benefits, you must be unable to perform work of any kind and your disability must be expected to last for at least one year or result in death. You must also have worked long enough (earned certain number of "credits") at least 5 years in the 10 year period prior to the onset date for your disability. In addition, you must be fully insured under Social Security, which means you must have worked for 40 quarters (10 years). The 5 years of work prior to becoming disabled counts in calculating the 40 quarters.The SSA receives numerous applications for disability benefits. Because of the large volume of applications, it can take a long period of time to receive a decision.
If your application is denied, you may appeal the decision. The first appeal will go to the local Office of Hearings and Appeals, will be heard by an Administrative Law Judge, and may take several months. If denied again and appealed, the second appeal will go to Appeals Council and will take about two years to be decided. If you receive disability benefits, the benefits won't begin until the sixth full month after the date the Social Security Administration decides the disability began. In addition, you must wait two years before you qualify for Medicare coverage.
How do I apply for Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?
To apply for benefits or to ask questions, contact the SSA at 1-800-772-1213. They have a TTY phone connections as well at 1-800-325-0778. Supplemental Security Income is an income assistance program administered by the Social Security Administration for people who are elderly (65 or older), blind, or disabled (physical or mental problem expected to last at least one year or result in death) who don't have many assets (the things you own are worth less than $2,000) and who don't earn much money. These amounts change periodically. For the most current information, call SSA at the above number. You can generally expect an answer on whether you are eligible for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) within two to six months.For more information, go to Social Security's Online Claims and Services webpage.